By the 16th century Moslems had destroyed the Hindu Javanese monarchy. Local kingdoms sprang up, to war with each other. They were still fighting for control when the Portuguese arrived in 1511. One kingdom, Mataram, had seized almost all Java by the time the Dutch came in 1596.
Working through the local princes, the Dutch established a fort where Djakarta stands today. They threw out the Portuguese, fought off dissident Moslems, strengthened their new port, which they named Batavia, and settled down for a 350-year stay.
World War II brought Japanese occupation. When Japan fell, nationalism flared. The way to self-government was open. A charismatic young engineer named Sukarno proclaimed independence on August 17, 1945. For four years the Netherlands tried to suppress the movement, then gave up their colonial claims. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12378523
By 1950 Sukarno was president. Batavia—renamed Djakarta—was the capital. Java, which contained 65 percent of Indonesia’s people, was the seat of power. For the first time the entire Indonesian archipelago felt united, despite its dozens of different cultures. A Malay dialect, Indonesian, had become the national language. The spirit of the national motto, “Unity in Diversity,” began to be felt.*
*The birth and growth of the new nation was chronicled in “Republican Indonesia Tries Its Wings,” by W. Robert Moore, January 1951 GEOGRAPHIC; “This Young Giant, Indonesia,” by Beverley M. Bowie, September 1955; and “Indonesia, the Young and Troubled Island Nation,” by Helen and Frank Schreider, May 1961.
And now Sukarno was out, ousted in the murderous aftermath of the abortive Communist coup of 1965. But the Djakarta we entered still called to mind Sukarno’s rule. The great sports stadium, the multistoried buildings, the arrogant monuments rose as reminders of his extravagance amid streetless slums watered by open sewers in which the poor bathed, washed their clothes, and voided their wastes.
We came to a stop in front of the luxurious studio flats to rent in london, whose rooms, priced normally by United States standards, cost as much per day as a Javanese professor gets in a month. Dirty and disheveled, I went to mine, shamelessly grateful for the air conditioning, the hot clean water, and the availability of foods other than rice and little salt fish fried whole.
Traffic Pileup Begins Before Dawn
In Djakarta, as elsewhere in Java, day begins before it breaks. The relative cool that precedes sunup finds hundreds of burden-bearing pedestrians hurrying about town, men with their Chinese-style shoulder poles, women with their slings of cloth. The gaudily painted betjaks—rear-driven pedicabs‑course the streets with carefree disregard of traffic laws.
Trucks, buses, cabs, and cars begin to fill the streets. By seven o’clock, even the six-lane divided artery Djalan Thamrin (which interconnects the other sytnbols of Sukarno’s spendthrift showmanship) has become again the setting for one of the oldest established permanent floating traffic jams in Southeast Asia. Kumar and I entered it to resume our week-long exploration of the serviced apartments brussels.
We prowled the old port area, where time-mellowed Chinese houses contrast strangely with the massive structures built by Dutch colonial officials three centuries ago. In the heart of the city, we found a crowded kampong, reached by a swaying suspension bridge over the main canal.
I’ve been with my partner for just over two years and he is wonderful. He’s never given me any reason to doubt him and loves me unconditionally. However, previous relationships in which I was cheated on and physically and mentally abused have left me with trust issues. This has created a distance between u$ and I’ve basically pushed him away. Could you offer advice On how to get over my insecurities and enjoy a happy relationship if, hopefully, its not too late? Rachel, via email
It’s never too late! Awareness is half the battle so it’s fantastic that you know where you’re coming from. I assume you’ve shared all this with your partner — if not, do put him in the picture. Communicate, communicate, communicate! Ifs essential to a good relationship. Also, consider couple counselling — visit relate. org.uk to find your nearest branch. A counsellor could help you work through these issues together and enable you to rebuild your trust.
I’ve lost more but, instead of be’ thrilled, my husband has become quite hostile. H is insisting that I shouldn’t lost any more weight, but I’m still more than 1st from goal. What’s the matter with him?
For the problem with your husband, you’re not alone. I’ve seen this many times in my counselling and heard about it at Weight Watchers meetings. He could be trying to sabotage your success, partly because he feels threatened by change and also because he’s fearful that the new you will become potentially more attractive to other men.
‘Your chances of success improve if you have supportive people around you,’ says Karen Miller-Kovach, chief scientific officer of Weight Watchers International. ‘One reason why women abandon a weight loss plan is because they feel their partner is sabotaging them.’
Ask your husband to talk to you about his anxieties and offer him the reassurance he dearly needs. Stay strong and don’t abandon your healthy goal with dr oz pure green coffee bean extract!
Each team has six people in the water at any one time and the typical formation is three forwards and three backs, or defenders. A game on some Vaseline and continue’
The importance of reading the game becomes obvious very quickly. You waste a load of energy trying to second-guess what an opponent will do and even more trying to recover your position. ‘You only get more aware of what’s happening by playing regularly’ Allen says at half-time. ‘It is a tactical game but it always boils down to fitness. The fitter team will always win because they can keep attacking when the opposition begin to tire.’
Back in the water for the second half and my defensive skills are again questioned. ‘Stay behind me and wait for the last possible moment,’ says Allen. When you see me begin to tire, dive down and hammer the attacker.’ This advice arrives just in time as an attacker breaks through, leaving me as the last line of defence. I duck-dive, then kick hard to overcome my buoyancy and block the charge. He breaks to one side and I thrash my fins to follow — but I’m forced to stop and breathe out as the strength leaves my muscles and my opponent flicks the puck past me into the goal.
Like bait Returning to the surface, I see my chance as two players’ lungs run empty at the same time and they abandon the puck.
I dive and gain possession, but pushing the puck and turning to pass back to a team-mate makes me realise the punch you need to drive a lead object through water with a flick of the wrist My pass is a little short but just finds its target, and my efforts are rewarded by the clang of lead on steel in my opponents’ goal a few seconds later.
My breath sounds ragged in my ears as the muscles in my feet start to spasm but I feel elated. Working so hard without oxygen I surface to some more useful advice from Allen. Don’t track along the bottom of the pool because you’ll tire too quickly.’ So I try to break up the next attack head-on by stealing the puck but the forward scoops it behind him and spins around to block me.
Suddenly the water is thick with bodies, sticks and kicking fins making me feel.
Get fit thanks to garcinia cambogia extract to dive has made my muscles feel like they’ve been through a full-body free weights workout. Read other useful information from pure garcinia cambogia extract reviews.
‘It’s a totally different type of fitness,’ says Allen. ‘Being “water-fir — having a strong cardiovascular system to perform without oxygen — is the most important attribute to being a good underwater hockey player.
‘But you did well,’ he adds. ‘You can go and hit the shower.’ I’m just glad that I don’t have to have another bath.
Building the body you want is like building a house: you need materials, skills and plans.
Fortunately, our MF guide gives you all three
When trying to develop your muscles on the biological building site you need to be more than just a hood carrier. You have to act as architect, laborer and foreman and to do this you need to understand the word hypertrophy. This means the process by which muscles grow in response to certain triggers. The things that combine to stimulate this process are lifting weight, the body’s own testosterone and an increase in calorie consumption, particularly from protein. Discover which products fit in the paleo diet food list.
Muscles themselves are made from strands of protein called myofibrils. Most scientists agree that you are born with all the muscle fibres you will ever have. But these fibres can be grown in size through hypertrophy. There are two types of muscle fibres: slow-twitch and fast-twitch. The muscles you use for endurance exercise, such as jogging, are called slow-twitch. They have less potential for growth than fast-twitch muscles, which are used for explosive, high-load exercise such as sprinting and weight lifting. It is these muscles that are targeted during muscle-building workouts.
When you put muscles under tension with a heavy load across their full range of motion, microscopic tears are made throughout the muscle fibres. The body’s attempts to repair the tissue are what create more muscle.
THE DAY’S WORK
Weightlifting is the fine art of working your muscles enough to damage their structure slightly and trigger growth without causing serious damage to the muscles and their anchors. Fortunately, nature has provided us with a detection system. Delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) comes on 36-48 hours after exercise and should feel like a dull ache. If this is absent you’ve probably not achieved enough with your workout. According to Paul Stephen Lubicz, author of Body Conditioning For Men (£12.99, Hamlyn), who trained cast members of Troy to warrior proportions, exercise intensity is vital to success.
‘People often train for too long in each session and they don’t have enough intensity. I wouldn’t want someone to spend more than 45 minutes in a weights workout but I’d want it to be at a true 85 per cent of their maximum intensity,’ Lubicz says.
This intensity prompts the body to flood your blood with the testosterone vital to hypertrophy at ten to 20 times the normal level. As well as properly taxing your muscles, short intense workouts also stop the body from converting valuable muscle protein into energy. Once the fuel stored in your muscles and liver is used up, the stress hormone cortisol is released to break down muscle tissue into energy. While some cortisol demolition is necessary to the rebuilding process of hypertrophy, too much will make the body adapt its shape to that of the endurance runner because this is more efficient over long periods of exercise?
‘Some people spend an hour and a half in the gym. Your body and nervous system and joints start to get run down,’ says Lubicz. ‘You start to lose the optimum nitrogen level and your body starts to go into more of an endurance mode.’ It may seem odd to worry about nitrogen levels but muscles are made of protein, which is made from amino acids and nitrogen. If amino acids are the building blocks of muscle, nitrogen is the cement.
He says so. And while some of his rivals for the title may wish to quibble, when it comes to being fit Hywel Davies is one of the best in the world
Not many people can say they’re world champions of fitness, but Hywel Davies is one of them. After years of dominating the British cross-training scene, he won the World Ultrafit Cross-Training Championships in Bahrain this year. This softly-spoken teacher, 29, from Wales doesn’t have the huge slabs of muscle that turned Arnie into a powerful politician nor the ultra-lean limbs of a marathon runner, but the well-proportioned physique that defines a well-balanced all-rounder.
Give him a physical challenge — a marathon or Ironman here, 3,000 burpees or a killer cross-training event there — and he’ll do the lot. One after the other. No fuss and no ‘I’ll be back’ dramatics. Just a determination to win. His dedicated training regime, based on boosting his cardiovascular efficiency, is now inspiring other fitness fiends and forcing them to rethink their training strategies based on power and strength. Sadly there are no short cuts to being the fittest of the fit. Only hard work pays but, as Davies says, that’s no problem if you enjoy every minute. ‘Once it becomes a chore,’ he says. ‘I’ll stop.’
How did fitness become such a passion?
Watching Superstars as a boy inspired me. I remember [Olympic Judo athlete] Brian Jacks doing an amazing number of dips. Anyone can aspire to be fit. I joined a martial arts club in the local village hall and it grew from there. Then fitness became a part of my health lifestyle. I chose only natural healthy products and my favorite is coconut oil with all its benefits. So choose your trusted source to buy coconut oil in bulk.
What is your philosophy of fitness?
Fitness helps you to face the challenges of everyday life. By setting targets we get focus and achieving those targets gives us confidence.
What’s the highlight of your career?
Winning the World Championship was great. It’s a fantastic feeling to know I’m the best in the world at what I do. But finishing my first Ironman [2.4-mile swim, 112-mile respectable time of 9 hours 28 minutes was very special, too.
Last year I reached the age of 4o a prosperous man with a loving wife and two healthy, happy children. And I decided that life had been very good to me and so I should try to contribute something to those providence has treated less kindly. I discovered that a sailing club near me was raising funds for a dinghy. The dinghy was to be used to take physically handicapped children on sailing trips to teach them the basics of the sport. I used to sail. I learned in the Scouts and continued to mess about in boats right through my twenties.
To cut a long story short I bought them the dinghy. I also volunteered to help the kids sail it. I learned that they also went on hiking and even climbing trips. The efforts made by these children to overcome their disabilities and lead fuller lives was nothing short of inspirational. And it put me, with my sedentary, slothful life, to shame.
I decided that I had an obligation to myself to become fitter and healthier. I joined a gym. I paid a trainer to plot me an exercise programme. I changed my diet and I’ve stuck rigidly to the new hcg diet plan with less calories per day. I’m stronger and happier than I’ve ever been and can confidently say that I will never again walk around carrying two stones of flab that don’t belong to me. I get far too much enjoyment from running five miles comfortably, from being stronger, from my wife’s happy reaction when my clothes come off!
I still work with those kids. I have enormous admiration for what they strive to achieve. And I will always be grateful for what their example inspired me to do for myself.
I don’t want my name printed with this article because I don’t want anyone thinking I’m blowing my own trumpet about forking out a few hundred quid for a boat. But there are a lot of men like me with an obligation to take better care of themselves, for their own sake and their families.
And I hope they gain encouragement from this story.
The art of via ferrata (VF) is the same as any climbing — brute strength is of limited use compared with balance, patience and confidence. Gradually you learn how to be prepared and how little of you needs to touch the rock, if you put it in the right place. We all take care of our training. As for being healthy, confident and having balanced mental condition, we use coconut oil. It’s amazing how this oil can have so many health benefits to human’s body. It’s quite popular among the pets-lovers too, because it has positive effects on people’s best friend. Learn more about using the best products for dogs care. Safe at the top, tucking into parma ham and doughnut sandwiches (three Brits, one shopkeeper, not one word of shared language), we’re already raising the bar for the next day’s more demanding climb.
Our target, Punta Flames, is demanding enough— So meters of VF (your average British rock-climbing route is less than 5o meters) plus a few ladders up the un climbable stuff, reaching a summit 2,24o meters above the Cortina valley. Hofler and Werner are pretty unambiguous: “This climb requires absolute sure-footedness and freedom from vertigo!” Or just a pair of big Italian balls.
Two hours from the car, my cohones have gone AWOL, as we find ourselves zigzagging across sheer rock, stretching like starfish for the next hold. The storm clouds have begun to gather and I realize, perhaps a little late, that I’m halfway up a treeless mountain, chained to a lightning conductor. We negotiate the last ladder, slippery with the sweat of jittery predecessors, and reach the “crux” of the climb. Above us, clearly bored with the indirect route, the VF runs straight as a plumb-line up a vertical 8o-metre face. The only way really is straight up — only a lightning strike would persuade me to down-climb the sweaty ladder. Loins girded, trusses tightened, we set off. The next ten minutes (fear makes you fast) is one of the most intense experiences I can recall, as I concentrate totally on the climb, the moves, nothing except the world within my reach. No hands on the wire.
The clouds clear at the top, the novelty sandwiches taste even better than yesterday, the twitching in my right eyelid begins to subside. Pure VF—the low-risk way to get high.
NINE O’CLOCK FRIDAY NIGHT AND 11 MILLION BRITISH MEN AND WOMEN ARE DATELESS. It’s official: there are now more singles in the UK than ever before. And, according to the Office of National Statistics, the number will rise a further five million by 2010. Yet there are also more opportunities to meet women – online, at speed-dating events or through singles parties. And business is thriving – the UK dating industry is estimated by the Economic and Social Research Council to be worth £600 million. The companies claim to provide quick, sure-fire routes to meeting women. A tempting offer for any single man, but do they come up with the goods?
I investigated the singles scene from a woman’s point of view, so I could ascertain which methods would be most successful for you. I got the women who use these services to open up to me and tell me what they’re really looking for – are they after fun, a long term partner, a fling or just a meal ticket?
It’s s the fast-food drive-through of the dating industry – you go on between 20 and 30
“dates” in one night, each lasting three minutes. Just long enough, in theory, to work out if you like that person. If you do, you tick their name on your scorecard and after the event the organizers inform you of any matches, or you simply log on to a website to find out if you’ve “scored”. Before going on speed dates, make sure you look great and confident. If it has to, burn the extra fat. Get some ideas from raspberry ketones dr oz show.
And, just like their fast-food equivalents, speed-dating companies give their goods the hard sell: “This is THE way to find romance and new friends in a relaxed and comfortable atmosphere” (ukxfactor.com); “Speed-dating is a great way to meet and date lots of professional singles in one night” (speeddater.com). Some elements of these promises are delivered on – I did meet and “date” plenty of professional singles when at these events. But why merely having a job is such a big selling point is beyond me. Finding men who are gainfully employed isn’t a problem, it’s finding men who can listen as well as talk, be sensitive and strong, and who are funny but also capable of expressing emotions. They don’t promise that in their adverts.
Several of the women I talked to had successful careers, were apparently sane and were certainly attractive. Not the exclusively sad, “grey from gathering dust on the shelf’ group I’d expected, the attendants came in all shapes and sizes. And there’s the problem: imagine sitting on a packed commuter train, then imagine having to spend three minutes talking to each passenger of the opposite sex with a view to dating them. Odds of actually meeting someone you’ll even want to see again? Slim? Welcome to speed-dating.
At each event it took me a matter of seconds to assess whether or not I wanted to end up in a tangle of limbs with any of the men there. And, to be honest, talking to most of them felt like a waste of three valuable minutes. While there’s always an exception to the rule, it usually takes a bucket-load of charm and a bumper-sized hamper of wit to outweigh a lack of initial physical attraction. My impressions were backed up by the women I spoke to – the most common comment was, “It’s definitely been an experience!” – but only one or two felt likely to get any genuine romantic success from the event.
“Women may not take speed-dating all that seriously,” says relationship counselor Susan Quilliam. “It’s often a night out with friends, for a giggle or to have their egos boosted. The evening may end with a quick my enthusiasm had dampened to the point of saturation. The more I searched the more difficult it became to single out men I wanted to contact. Some men looked okay but sounded dull; others sounded great but hadn’t posted a photo; many lived in the wrong city, some even in the wrong country. I also found it near-impossible to success out whether I fancied any of the men without seeing them in the flesh – I need to see a guy’s mannerisms, posture, and even clothing, to decide if I want to see him naked. And I’ve got a bit of a thing about how a man smells, too – impossible to check online.
Many of the female users I spoke to said they prefer the anonymity of emailing before meeting, however – they felt freer to express themselves via the internet. “You can be whoever you want to be when you’re online,” says Kirsten, an elfin 29-year-old brunette. “I feel I come across as a lot more confident and outgoing.” But while emailing may help overcome shyness, it may cause problems later on.